My great-great grandmother was Sarah
Cartwright, first wife of Arthur
Worsley Prestwich and mother of their eldest son,
my great grandfather. She died
at just 39 years of age and I had little information
about her as they shared just one census return in 1871,
at which time she was aged 34 and said that she had been
born in Ashton. Digging out the truth was something of
a bonanza. Quite fitting for a
Cartwright family. And one of their granddaughter's
favourite shows — click to play!
marriage record, I knew that her father was John,
a hatter. As she married in 1862, I looked for her in the
1861 census and the only Sarah
to fit the bill was living with her aunt and uncle, John
and Elizabeth Davies
Street in Ashton. Sarah
also had a daughter, Elizabeth,
born seven months before and gave her birthplace as Denton.
This set me on the bonanza trail. This is their story, starting
with her grandfather.
was born about 1780 if I have his date and age at death
correctly, that is in 1842 aged 62. This is open to question
as at the census a year earlier he claimed to be just 55,
but then in 1841 ages were rounded up and down with no great
consistency in how this was done. Thomas
was born in Cheshire and was married to Betty
who was born about 1784.
The couple had six children, the eldest being John
who was born in July 1808. At the 1851, he says he was born
in Ashton, but at the three subsequent censuses John
gives his place of birth first as Dukinfield. This may have
been because the family moved. Thomas
was described as a carder “of the town”, ie
Ashton, when John was baptised,
but was “of Dukinfield” when his other children
John Cartwright John appears on the 1841 census
living at Broom Lane, Denton with his wife Ann
and children Mary, Sarah
and James. and worked as a hatter.
By 1851 the family was living at Lees Yard, Dukinfield with
John working as a cotton stripper.
It was this census that gave me a clue as to Ann's
identity as I have yet to locate their marriage. Living
with the family was John's sister-in-law, the 19 year old
who was to become the Aunt
Elizabeth Davies that Sarah
was living with in 1861.
However, identifying Ann
was not straight forward. The birth certificate for her
son, Joseph, in 1846 showed
that her maiden name was Greenwood. It seems she was the
illegitimate daughter of Hannah
Greenwood born in Denton in 1812 when about 16 years
old. She went on to marry James Horsfield in 1818 and they
went on to have six children, including Elizabeth,
sister of Ann and aunt to Sarah.
John and Ann
married at Mottram St Michael in 1830, but she died in Dukinfield
in 1853 at the age of 40. In 1858, John
married Mary Simpson at St
Mary's Church, Stockport, when both were living at Davis
Street, Dukinfield. She was the widow of Robert
Lawton and was born in Middleton, Lancashire, about
1802. She gave her father name as James and there is a Mary
Simpson born in Middleton on 31 October 1802, daughter of
James Simpson and Martha Lomax, which appears on the IGI.
Mary had died before the 1881
census when John was a 72 year
widower living at 30 Astley Street, Dukinfield, with his
daughter Mary and son-in-law
died in 1884.
was the second eldest child of John
and Ann Cartwright. She was born
in Denton on 8 July 1836 and baptised almost a year later
at Denton St Lawrence. She was living with her parents in
1841 and 1851, by which time she was a lap tenter in cotton.
As mentioned above, she was living in Ashton in 1861 with
her Aunt Elizabeth
who was only five years old than Sarah.
She had had an illegitimate daughter, Elizabeth,
who was born in September 1860 at Charles
Street, presumably at her aunt's home. Elizabeth
was baptised on 18 August 1861 at Christ Church, Ashton,
and died shortly afterwards
John's eldest child was Mary
born in October 1834. She married Albert
Cooper at St George's Church, Hyde, in 1870 when she
claimed to be a 33 year old spinster, although she was in
fact 36. Perhaps this was because Albert
was some 12 years her junior. The couple had no children
that I am aware of and Mary died
It is worth recording that Arthur
joined the army as a regular in 1902. According to his
records, he had a chequered career and was disciplined
for being absent without leave and for stealing property
from an officer. In 1911 he was serving as a Lance Corporal
with the 2nd Battalion Cheshire Regiment at “Jubbulpore”
in India. (See entry
in 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica)
The battalion stayed in India until August 1914 when they
returned to England, landing at Devonport on 24 December
1914. They were attached to 84th Brigade, 28th Division,
at Winchester. Arthur had been
demoted to private although by August 1915 he was again acting sergeant having been "previously reported missing, now rejoined".
In August 1916 he was reported as suffering from pyrexia (fever) of unknown origin. This report gave his correct age of 34 and that he was again a private serving with D Company, 5th Division, 1st Battalion of the Cheshire Regiment.
John's second eldest son, also
called John, was born in 1844,
but died in 1862 at the age of 18. His brother, Joseph,
was the youngest of John Cartwright's
children. He married Mary Stafford
in 1867 at Staley St Paul, but died in 1877 at the age of
31. They had one son, William
Stafford Cartwright, in 1869, but he too died in 1878
Brothers and Sisters of John Cartwright
St Mary;s Church, Ruabon
Thomas and Betty
had seven children that I am aware of. Of these, James
was born in 1816 and married Elizabeth
at some point in the late 1830s, although I have yet to find
it. It is possible that it was held at a non-conformist church
as many of their children's future marriages were recorded
as civil ceremonies. The family was living in Ashton in 1861,
but at some point soon after they left for Ruabon
James died in Ruabon in either
1867 or 1870. He and Elizabeth
had seven children all born in Ashton but whose future was
born about 1839 — married Thomas Frith in a civil
ceremony in Wrexham in 1863. He was born in Marple, but
had lived in Dukinfield from an early age where his father
was a boatbuilder on the canal. They had three children,
and settled in Oswestry.
Sarah Dixon Cartwright — as yet no sign of her
beyond the census returns.
Elizabeth Ann Cartwright
— married William Ellis in 1867 at Oswestry. He
was originally from Ruabon and they had four children.
In 1871 William was a coachman in Bronygarth,
Shropshire, in 1881 a farmer at St Martins, Shropshire.
By 1891 the family ran a restaurant in Tulketh Street,
North Meols, Lancashire, and then on Princes
Street in 1901. Their daughter, Louise,
was a teacher of cookery.
Catherine Taylor Cartwright
— married Hugh Anderson Bogie in a civil ceremony
in Wrexham in 1868. Hugh's family were originally from
Belfast, but he had been born in Dukinfield. They lived
in Rhos Y Madre until 1880 when they returned to Dukinfield
with their seven children. Both died there in 1926.
William Ashton Cartwright
— married Mary Ann Jones of Cefn-Mawr, Wrexham,
in a civil ceremony in 1881. The couple had two children
and lived in Ruabon and Wrexham in 1871 and 1881 where
William was a clerk at a colliery. They were last seen
Lane, Stoke-on-Trent where William was a commercial
Emma Cartwright — worked
as an assistant for John Ogden Taylor, tailor and draper,
in 1871 at 123 and 125 Old Street, Ashton. Also working
there was Jane Elizabeth Hughes who had been born in Ruabon.
She lived with her sister Elizabeth
in 1881 and Mary in 1891, although
she had married William Bird Hill in 1883 at Wrexham in
a civil ceremony. William was born in Long Lawford, Warwickshire,
but he does not appear on the census returns with Emma
who was last seen at Princes
Street, Nuneaton in 1901 with their only child, Dorothy.
Thomas James Cartwright —
no sign of him beyond the 1871 census when he was living
with his brother William in Ruabon. Their mother, Elizabeth,
also lived with them and died there in 1873 aged 62.
Thomas Cartwright married Agnes
Horrocks at Manchester Cathedral in 1842. I know little
about him other than that he was a cotton spinner and was
living with his in-laws at Mount Street, Ashton, at the
1851 census, along with daughter, Ellen,
who was born in Stalybridge.